Civil Officium: Journal of Empirical Studies on Social Science 2022-08-17T12:44:37+07:00 Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' Open Journal Systems <p><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Civil Officium:</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> Journal of Empirical Studies on Social Science (<a href="">P-ISSN:<span style="text-decoration: underline;">2828-6081</span></a>) and (<a href="">E-ISSN:2809-5782</a>) is published by the <a href="">Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro'</a>. The primary aim of Civil Officium is to improve problem-solving in Social Science. Stakeholders in society, education, government, politic, culture research grapple with various standards. Without evidence-based problem solving, many conflicts are unsatisfactorily settled by applying the one-size-fits-all interpretation of principles or regulations or resorting to anecdote as evidence for one or another interpretation. Civil Officium creates collaboration among stakeholders, stimulates research, and disseminates knowledge to foster the intelligent application of social science principles in research contexts worldwide.</span></p> Socialization Of Usaha Soul Improvement through the Role of Waste Banks as UKM For Economic Drivers at The Al Azka Kamila Indonesia Foundation 2022-08-17T12:44:37+07:00 Aris Wahyu Kuncoro Pambuko Naryoto Dwi Kristanto Koen Hendrawan Yuni Kasmawati Hasan Ipmawan Muhamad Jusmanyah <p>The waste problem is not only related to landfills, as has been the case so far, because the waste management system involves many parties, including waste producers (such as households, markets, institutions, industries, and others), managers (and contractors), regulators, the informal sector, and communities affected by waste management. Its completion requires the involvement of all relevant parties and various approaches. By looking at the above description, it is important to undertake counseling or socialization about the waste management system "Trash Bank" through community engagement, to find out how well this program works to reduce waste generation and turn waste into items of economic worth / Indirectly, this action will develop the Waste Processing Household Industry Group, organic fertilizer/compost, and create a healthy environment. With this PKM activity, it's intended that public awareness of the entrepreneurial spirit would grow. This service seeks to spread awareness and understanding of Waste Bank's waste management to promote a healthy and successful community. Improving school-community interactions (Budi Luhur University). Budi Luhur University's Tridharma community service program. Al Azka Kamila Indonesia Foundation: Increase knowledge, understanding, and entrepreneurial spirit in trash banks with commercial value. Develop the community's creative economy through reusing garbage. Increase awareness of the importance of a healthy environment. This community service was well-executed. Face-to-face or lecture training was given to the socializing committee. Al Azka Kamila Indonesia Foundation socialization resources on improving business spirit through waste banks as SMEs to drive the economy.</p> 2022-04-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Aris Wahyu Kuncoro, Pambuko Naryoto, Dwi Kristanto, Koen Hendrawan, Yuni Kasmawati, Hasan Ipmawan, Muhamad Jusmanyah Manajemen Penyidikan Pidana, Potensi Implementasi Teknik Wawancara Investigasi Pada Kepolisian Indonesia 2022-06-16T13:48:09+07:00 Rio Adhikara Satya Dhira Anggoro Arrya Jauhar Rizqullah Sumirat <p>Investigations are a major aspect of the criminal justice process. However, based on the reality on the ground, the investigations carried out by the police have not been able to produce a balancé between accurate investigation results and practices that continue to uphold human rights by applicable procedures and regulations. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust the investigation technique that is proportional and effective. This article identifies three interview/interrogation techniques that are potential to be practised, namely: third level, accusation approach, and information gathering approach. Existing police law regulations do not specify the details of investigative interview techniques in criminal cases. For this reason, it is necessary to have an official procedure that can be used as a reference in the investigation process. The review of interview techniques in this article is expected to be a separate view that motivates and contributes to improving the quality of investigative techniques by police investigators.</p> 2022-06-16T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rio Adhikara, Satya Dhira Anggoro Arrya, Jauhar Rizqullah Sumirat Evaluasi Alih Fungsi Lahan Pertanian Terhadap Pendapatan Petani Di Kecamatan Bacukiki Kota Parepare 2022-01-29T10:45:34+07:00 Lukman Lukman <p>The shift in land use in the City of Parepare, in general, has undergone quite a drastic change, with some areas of agricultural land having been converted into built-up areas. The direction of the development of the City of Parepare as an industry for health services, education, tourism, as well as a transit area attracts people from outside the region to invest in land, buildings or to live in this area. The population density and limited land in urban areas make development towards suburban areas, especially Bacukiki District. Based on this, research was conducted to examine the factors that influence the conversion of agricultural land and the impact of the conversion of agricultural land on the economic condition of farmers. The research is located in Bacukiki District, Parepare City, with a quantitative descriptive method. The data obtained in this study was carried out by direct observation and interview techniques using a questionnaire of 30 respondents who had converted paddy fields. The Bivariate analysis results showed no significant difference between farmers' income before and after land conversion; in other words, land conversion had no significant effect on farmers' income</p> 2022-06-11T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Lukman Lukman Nafkah Istri Nushūz Perspektif Imam Syafi’i dan Ibn Hazm 2022-07-31T08:48:23+07:00 Riadina Khoironi Muhsin Muhsin <p>Livelihood is one of the important things in human life, so it is necessary to study it. However, there are differences of opinion about the livelihood of Nushuz's wife. This study examines more deeply the livelihood of the wife of Nushuz by focusing on two problem formulations, namely 1) the livelihood of the wife of Nushuz according to the opinion of Imam Shafi'i and Ibn Hazm, and 2) the legal istinbat used by Imam Shafi'i and Ibn Hazm looking at the issue of livelihood. For nushuz's wife. Using a qualitative literature research method, this research concludes that according to Imam Syafi'i, a nushuz's wife is not entitled to her husband's maintenance until she quits her nushuz. Meanwhile, according to Ibn Hazm, whether the wife of Nushuz or not, she is still entitled to a living from her husband. The legal istinbat used by Imam Shafi'i is qiyas, while Ibn Hazm is the explicit meaning of the Qur'an letter an-Nisa verse 34.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Riadina Khoironi, Muhsin Muhsin Pemberian Hak Paten Vaksin Covid-19 Menurut Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) 2022-04-26T21:03:20+07:00 Ericko Calvin Giovanni Hendra Tanu Atmadja <p>Intellectual Property Rights, abbreviated as KI (Intellectual Property), has developed from time to time. This development was increasingly seen with the establishment of Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) in 1994 in the Uruguay Round. In TRIPs various IP issues are regulated, one of which is Patents. As a form of intellectual property rights, the granting of a patent by the state to a work or invention in the field of technology is an award to the inventor. These ideas can be realized in the form of processes or objects that are known and used in everyday life. All patent registrations must refer to the TRIPs that have been agreed upon by the participating countries. In 2019, a deadly virus was detected from the city of Wuhan, China, which was initially categorized as a form of pneumonia that attacks local residents. The World Health Organization (WHO) identified the virus as a new type of Corona Virus in January 2020, and gave it an official name as Corona Viruses Disease 2019 (Covid-19). Various countries have made efforts to overcome the malignancy of Covid-19, one of the efforts made is to try to find a drug or vaccine as a solution to the pandemic which is a world problem. Here, the author discusses whether the Covid-19 vaccine can be granted a patent under TRIPs and whether the patent granted is valid for the entire region or is territorial. The research method used is normative by reviewing the literature or secondary data. The conclusion from the above discussion shows that the Covid-19 vaccine can be granted a patent with a territorial application based on TRIPs.</p> 2022-07-24T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ericko Calvin Giovanni, Hendra Tanu Atmadja Strategi Pengembangan Bisnis Pupuk Organik Padat di Technopark Kebun Raya Massenrempulu Enrekang 2022-01-08T11:12:28+07:00 Ilham Kamba Abdul Azis Ambar Nurhapsa Nurhapsa <p>The fertilizer industry is one of the most promising in agriculture. The rising demand for organic fertilizers shows this industry. The Enrekang Massenrempulu Botanical Garden offers significant organic fertilizer commercial potential. Botanical garden managers must establish an organic fertilizer business plan to preserve their current company. It will also provide alternative strategies and strategic goals for growth in organic fertilizer. This study involves academics, bureaucrats, business players, and consumers. Interviews, field observations, questionnaires, FGDs, and literature research were utilized to gather data. The data analysis methods employed include SWOT and QSPM. With a score of 0.392, Technopark Botanical Gardens Massenrempulu Enrekang's key strength is high product quality. The critical internal strategic aspect is bookkeeping, which has a weighted score of 0.218. Identifying external strategic elements at Technopark Botanical Gardens, Massenrempulu Enrekang enhanced customer purchasing by 0.425. The emergence of a new competitor with a weighted score of 0.172 presents a challenge to Technopark Botanical Gardens Massenrempulu Enrekang. The findings ranked four potential techniques, namely (1). Maintain and increase organic fertilizer quality (2). Using modern information technologies to improve promotion methods (3). Expanding manufacturing capacity and market share.<strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong></p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ilham Kamba, Abdul Azis Ambar, Nurhapsa Nurhapsa Eksotika Fotografi Makanan Pada Masakan Tradisional Sumatera Barat 2022-01-21T13:20:57+07:00 Agus Setyawan Farzy <p>Indonesian traditional cuisine itself has begun to be forgotten by today's generations due to globalization's emergence of various foreign cuisines. Many factors make some traditional dishes become unknown or in demand. This case is because, due to the lack of introduction to traditional cuisine itself, it causes people not to know about the existence of some traditional dishes. Preserving the nation's traditional cuisine is the responsibility of the Indonesian people. West Sumatran traditional cuisine is one of Indonesia's traditional dishes with various dishes with distinctive culinary tastes, namely: spicy, sweet, sour, and savoury, all of which can spoil the tongue of those who eat it. Traditional West Sumatran cuisine can be found in traditional markets in West Sumatra. However, not all traditional West Sumatran cuisine types are available in traditional markets; traditional dishes are made only on certain days, such as Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, traditional ceremonies, and weddings ceremonies. On that basis, this research aims to explore West Sumatra's traditional cuisine with photography techniques more deeply. In this study, the authors describe traditional foods displayed and combined with photographic techniques. The research results show that, through photography techniques, the exotica of traditional West Sumatran cuisine can be explored. This research also found that, in order to maximize food exploration through photographic techniques, photographers need to work closely with food stylists.</p> 2022-01-22T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Agus Setyawan Farzy Analisis Pengaruh Penerapan Sistem Integrasi Tanaman Kakao dan Ternak Kambing Terhadap Pendapatan Petani di Kecamatan Tapango Polewali Mandar 2022-01-31T13:05:34+07:00 Syafruddin Syafruddin <p>Tapango District has sufficient cocoa potential to become a source of community income. Management and income generation can be achieved by integrating cocoa plantations with goats. Mathematically the integration of cocoa and goats can affect farmers' income. What's more, the price of cocoa is currently increasing. Likewise with the sale of goats as additional income for farmers. The integration of cocoa plants with goats has been a tradition in Tapango District for a long time and at the same time as saving for farmers to cover unexpected costs. These opportunities and challenges go hand in hand because of the factors that affect the integration system of cocoa plants and goats. Therefore, this study aims to examine the relationship between the two and other factors that influence the income of farmers in Tapango District. This study is a quantitative descriptive study, the data obtained in this study was carried out by observation techniques, namely collecting information by making direct observations of the research location and interview techniques, namely by collecting information by asking and answering questions through respondents totaling 30 people who owned cocoa land and integrate with goats. To find out the relationship between several independent variables and the dependent variable, Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was used. Factors of age, education, land area, number of livestock, land status and other occupations have a significant effect on increasing farmers' income in Tapango District. The results of the study along with the test equipment and Multiple Linear Regression Analysis showed that these factors had a significant and even very real effect on increasing farmers' income</p> 2022-02-27T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Syafruddin Syafruddin