Author Guidelines

Executive Overview

Any submission of an article to Ascarya Journal of Islamic Science, Culture & Social Studies indicates that the work described has not been previously published (except in abstract form, as part of a published lecture, or as an academic thesis) and that the article is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The publication has been approved by all authors and implicitly or explicitly by the appropriate authorities where the research was conducted. The author retains copyright and grants the journal the right of first publication of the work, concurrently licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits others to share the work with attribution to the author and first publication in this journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for any further use of the work. All submissions will be peer-reviewed using Turnitin before being sent to reviewers. Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word format and submitted online. The editors reserve the right to edit or change all submissions, but authors will receive proof of approval prior to publication. If you have any questions, please contact the journal editor at (Click here to download the paper template)

Are you aware of our policies and the journal’s requirements? Kindly ensure that you read the following before submitting your work for consideration for publishing:

  1. Upon receipt of a submission, the editor sends an e-mail of confirmation to the submission’s author within one to three working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission e-mail may have been missed.
  2. Peer review. We use a double-blind system for peer review; both reviewers’ and authors’ identities remain anonymous. The paper will be reviewed by at least two experts: one editorial staff member and at least one external reviewer. The review process may take 12 to 16 weeks.
  3. Notification of the result of review by e-mail.
  4. If the submission is accepted, the authors revise accordingly and pay the publication fee.
  5. After publication, the corresponding author will receive one copy of the journal free of charge. If more copies are desired, please contact the editor before making an order.
  6. A PDF version of the journal is available for download on the journal’s webpage free of charge.

General Requirements


Please write your text in proper Indonesian or English; American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of both.

Length of Paper

Papers between 5,000 and 7,000 words are preferred.

Title Page

To ensure the integrity of the peer review process, every effort should be made to prevent the identities of the authors and reviewers from being known to each other.

When you upload a submission file, author identities should be removed from it. You should upload the title page as a supplementary file for the editor to review.


Be concise and informative. The title is often used in information-retrieval systems and should be no more than 21 words in length and not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. If you choose to have a subtitle, it should be italicized and centered directly below the main title.

Author's Names and Affiliations

The preferred form of an author’s name is first name, middle initial(s), and last name; this form reduces the likelihood of mistaken identity. To assist researchers as well as librarians, use the same form for publication throughout your career; that is, do not use initials on one manuscript and your full name on a later one. Determining whether Juanita A. Smith is the same person as J. A. Smith, J. Smith, or A. Smith can be difficult, particularly when citations span several years and institutional affiliations. Omit all titles (e.g., Dr., Professor) and degrees (e.g., PhD, PsyD, EdD).

The authors’ affiliation identifies the location of the author(s) at the time the research was conducted, which is usually an institution. Include a dual affiliation only if two institutions contributed substantial support to the study. Include no more than two affiliations per author. If an author has no institutional affiliation, list the city and state of his/her residence. The names of the authors should appear in the order of their contributions, centered between the side margins. For names with suffixes (e,g., Jr. and II), separate the suffix from the rest of the name with a space instead of a comma. Only provide a complete mailing address of the corresponding author for correspondence.


Rahma I. Al-Khalidi¹, John E. O'Connor¹,², Nisha Gupta¹ & Amirah Al-Sulaimani²
¹ Department of Business Administration, University of Amman, Amman, Jordan
² Faculty of Economics, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Correspondence: John E. O'Connor, Department of Business Administration, University of Amman, Amman, Jordan, 11118. Tel: 962-6-530-1234. E-mail:

Preparation of Text

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

Title; abstract; keywords (indexing terms, normally three-to-six items); introduction; literature review, Materials and Methods; results; discussion; conclusion; disclosure; references.

General Rules for Text

Please use the following rules for the entire text, including abstract, keywords, headings, and references.

  • Font: Garamond; Size: 11
  • Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph — 0 pt.; below paragraph — 6
  • Line Spacing: fixed, 12 pt.
  • Heading 1: Garamond; 12; Bold; for example, First-level Heading
  • Heading 2: Garamond; 12; Bold; for example, 1. Second-level Heading
  • Heading 3: Garamond; 11; for example, 1.1 Third-level Heading


A concise and factual abstract is required. It should be between 200 and 250 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but, if essential, they must be cited in full in the abstract without relying on the reference list.


Immediately after the abstract, provide 5-7 keywords in alphabetical order, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (e.g., “and,” “of”). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.

Subdivision of the Article

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1, 2, 3 etc., and sub-subsections should be numbered 1.1, 1.1, etc. Note that the abstract is not included in the section numbering. Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to “the text.” Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 600 words. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible but not at the expense of clarity.


The text size of equations should be similar to normal text size. The formula should be placed center justified with serial number on the right. For example:



Number tables consecutively by their appearance in the text. Place a table’s caption above the table’s body and its description below the body. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

For example:

Table 1. This is a table. Tables should be placed in the main text near to the first time they are cited.

Title 1 Title 2 Title 3
entry 1 data data
entry 2 data data 1

 You may resize the tables to fit the page size.

Figures and Schemes

Number figures consecutively by their appearance in the text. Place a figure’s caption and description below the figure body. A minimum resolution of 300 DPI is required. You may resize the figures or schemes to fit the page size.

Figure 1. This is a figure. Schemes follow the same formatting

Note. Avoid abbreviating the titles of tables, figures, and equations (i.e., Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Eq. 3) in the caption or running text. Do not write “the table above/below” or “the figure on page 32,” because the position and page number of a table or figure cannot be determined until the pages are typeset.


Cite the work of those individuals whose ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work. They may provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer critical definitions and data. The citation of an article implies that you have personally read the cited work. In addition to crediting the ideas of others that you used to build your thesis, provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not considered common knowledge.

In APA 7th edition style, each reference cited in the text must also appear in the reference list, and vice versa. Specific cases such as classical works (e.g., the Bible, the Qur’an) and personal communications are cited only in the text, not in the reference list. For meta-analyses, include in-text citations only for works discussed directly in the text.

Formatting In-Text Citations:

  • Basic Format: Cite the author's last name and the year of publication in parentheses. For example: (Smith, 2020).
  • Unpublished or Informally Published Works: Cite the year the work was produced. If the article is accepted but not yet published, use "in press".
  • Work by Two Authors: Include both names every time you cite the work, using "and" or "&". Example: Wegener and Petty (1994) or (Wegener & Petty, 1994).
  • Work by Three or More Authors: List all authors the first time, then use "et al." in subsequent citations. First citation: (Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993); Subsequent citations: (Kernis et al., 1993).
  • Six or More Authors: Always use "et al." after the first author’s name, regardless of the number of citations. Example: Harris et al. (2001).
  • Authors with the Same Last Name: Use initials to avoid confusion, even if the years of publication differ. Example: (E. Johnson, 2001; L. Johnson, 1998).
  • Unknown Author: Cite the work by its title in the signal phrase or use the first few words in parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.
  • Organization as an Author: Mention the organization's full name, followed by the year. For well-known abbreviations, include the abbreviation in the first citation: First citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020), Subsequent citations: (APA, 2020).

Note: Classical works and personal communications are cited in-text but not included in the reference list. For classical works, use standard section numbers. Personal communications should include the communicator's initials and surname, and the exact date.

Citing and Listing of Web References

As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), if known, should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or they can be included in the reference list.

Reference List

Please find the below information for basic rules in a reference list.

  1. Each entry in your reference list should be defined by a hanging indent of two characters. Authors’ names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work if it has three to seven authors. If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author’s name. After the ellipses, list the last author’s name of the work. Use “&” instead of “and” when listing multiple authors of a single work.
  1. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. If you have more than one article by the same author, single-author references or multiple-author references with the exact same authors in the exact same order are listed in order by the year of publication, starting with the earliest.
  1. Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to any work that is not a journal, such as a book, article, or Web page, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word.

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  3. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author's Guidelines.
  5. Where available, DOIs and URLs for the references have been provided.
  6. Ability to pay the publication fee of 350.000 IDR (Indonesian) / 1.500.000 IDR (English) upon acceptance, to support open-access publishing and the overall quality of the work.

Copyright Notice

This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC) license.

  • The author retains the copyright and grants the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal
  • The author can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book) with the acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • The author is permitted and encouraged to post his/her work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Read more about the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.