Ascarya: Journal of Islamic Science, Culture, and Social Studies <p><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Ascarya:</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> Journal of Islamic Science, Culture and Social Studies is a multidisciplinary journal published by the <a href="">Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro'</a>. The Publisher is an incorporated organization in a society based on the DECREE OF THE MINISTER OF LAW AND HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NUMBER </span><a class="editor-rtfLink" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">AHU-0015315. AH.01.07 the YEAR 2018.</span></strong></a></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">This association has three classifications of activities, namely education, empowerment and community service. The publication of this journal is one of the forms of the output of the goals and vision-mission of the Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' in research and education.</span></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Ascarya: Journal of Islamic Science, Culture and Social Studies was first published in 2021-01-19; this journal obtained </span><a class="editor-rtfLink" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">E-ISSN 2775-4243</span></strong></a><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> (Online - Electronic) on Monday, February 01, 2021, with Decree Number </span><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">0005.27754243 /K.4/SK. ISSN/2021.02</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">. Indonesian Institute of Sciences Center for Scientific Data and Documentation (ISSN INDONESIA NATIONAL CENTER). Furthermore, on Saturday, July 10, 2021, this journal received </span><a class="editor-rtfLink" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">P-ISSN 2798-5083</span></strong></a><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> (Print) </span><span data-preserver-spaces="true">with Decree Number </span><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">0005.27985083 / K.4 / SK. ISSN/2021.07</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">.</span></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">As a journal published by the Publisher of the Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro', this journal publishes articles with aims and broad scope in three main areas, namely Islamic Science, Culture and Social Studies.</span></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">In the issue of Vol. 1 No.1 of 2021, this journal sneered at articles in two main scopes, namely Islamic Science and Social Studies, which were published without being classified by a specific category. As of Vol.1 No.2 </span><span data-preserver-spaces="true">of 2021, this journal has published articles in three main scopes described above but has not yet been classified under a specific category. Both volumes of these publications are still in the Indonesian version for the manuscript's content and English for the title and abstract.</span></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">On July 1, 2021, Ascarya: Journal of Islamic Science, Culture and Social Studies registered his article with </span><a class="editor-rtfLink" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Crossref</span></strong></a><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> and obtained a DOI with Prefix </span><strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Number: 10.35754.</span></strong><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> Every article published by the Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul </span><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Qurro' will get a DOI.</span></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Since getting DOI, this journal began to expand and expand the network. Ascarya: Journal of Islamic Science, Culture and Social Studies has </span><span data-preserver-spaces="true">collaborated with two research institutions, namely the </span><a class="editor-rtfLink" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Indonesian Education Research Center </span></a><span data-preserver-spaces="true">and the </span><a class="editor-rtfLink" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Academic Research Society Malaysia</span></a><span data-preserver-spaces="true">.</span></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Furthermore, the issue of Vol.2 </span><span data-preserver-spaces="true">No.1 of 2022 in the Indonesian version for the manuscript's content and English for the title and abstract. Ascarya: The Journal of Islamic Science, Culture and Social Studies is committed to publishing articles using the category mechanisms present in the Open Journal System feature. The categories of published articles cover three main areas according to the aims and scope of the journal.</span></p> <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">In the next volume, Vol.2 No.2 of 2022 and beyond, Ascarya: Journal of Islamic Science, Culture and Social Studies is committed to publishing articles in two languages, namely 30% in English and 70% in Indonesian. Thus tiered in the following issues, until it reaches 100% in English. To improve the quality of language from articles published, this journal then collaborated with </span><a class="editor-rtfLink" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span data-preserver-spaces="true">American Journal Experts. </span></a>Ascarya Journal is published twice a year (January-July)</p> <p style="background-color: #f8efae; text-align: justify;"><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Journal Title : </strong> Ascarya: Journal of Islamic Science, Culture, and Social Studies <strong><br /></strong></span><span style="color: #000000;"> <strong>Publication</strong>: Januari &amp; July</span> <span style="color: #000000;"><strong><br />Language</strong>: English, Indonesia</span><span style="color: #000000;"><br /><strong>Article Processing Charge</strong>: 750.000 IDR (Indonesian) / 1.500.000 IDR (English)<br /><strong>Publisher:</strong> Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' (<strong><a href="">SK KEMENKUMHAM</a></strong>)<br /></span><span style="color: #000000;"> <strong>ISSN:</strong> <a href="">2775-4243 </a>(online), <a href="">2798-5083 </a>(print)<br /><strong>Contact:</strong> <a href=""></a></span> <span style="color: #000000;"><br /></span></p> <section id="what-we-do"> <div class="container-fluid"> <h2 class="section-title mb-2 h1">Ascarya Journal of Islamic Science, Culture &amp; Social Studies</h2> <div class="row mt-5"> <div class="col"> <div class="card"> <div class="card-block block-1"> <h3 class="card-title">Open Access</h3> <p class="card-text">All articles are freely available online immediately to anyone, allowing authors to share their research and maximize its impact.</p> <a class="read-more" title="Read more" href="">Read more<em class="fa fa-angle-double-right ml-2"><!-- icon --></em></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="col"> <div class="card"> <div class="card-block block-2"> <h3 class="card-title">Call for Papers</h3> <p class="card-text">Ascarya Journal of Islamic Science, Culture &amp; Social Studies is calling for papers for Vol. 2, No. 1, 2022 (July issue) and Vol. 2, No. 2, 2022 (Dec issue).</p> <a class="read-more" title="Read more" href="">Read more<em class="fa fa-angle-double-right ml-2"><!-- icon --></em></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="w-100"> </div> <div class="col"> <div class="card"> <div class="card-block block-3"> <h3 class="card-title">Indexing and Abstracting</h3> <p class="card-text">The journal is indexed and abstracted in Moraref, Google Scholar, Neliti, Onesearch.</p> <a class="read-more" title="Read more" href="">Read more<em class="fa fa-angle-double-right ml-2"><!-- icon --></em></a></div> </div> </div> <div class="col"> <div class="card"> <div class="card-block block-4"> <h3 class="card-title">Article Processing Charges</h3> <p class="card-text">Authors are required to pay a fair manuscript handling fee for processing their articles in the journal.</p> <a class="read-more" title="Read more" href="">Read more</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </section> Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' en-US Ascarya: Journal of Islamic Science, Culture, and Social Studies 2798-5083 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Lisensi Creative Commons" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Locative prepositions “at, in, on” and translation to Vietnamese representational meaning <p>Starting with the role of the reference frame under the influence of the perspective culture of the British and Vietnamese&nbsp; used as a cognitive premise of translation, the article presents the rationale for the procurement process on reasons, similarities, and differences in the representational meaning. The representational meaning of differences between the English locative preposition “at, in, on” and the corresponding linguistic units of Vietnamese through a particular communication context. According to the research results, when the reference object (DTQC) of the English locative position in the reference system is assimilated with the Vietnamese speaker [similar to the reference frame of the reference system], the translation semantics of the locative prepositions which is ​​"at, in, on" is like the expression representational semantics of the corresponding units in Vietnamese. The dissimilarity of the reference frames results in different structural semantics.</p> Nguyen Thi Tuyet Hanh Copyright (c) 2022 Nguyen Thi Tuyet Hanh 2022-06-13 2022-06-13 2 1 91 102 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.365 Analyzing The Contemporary Developments and Challenges in Teaching English Language in Pakistani Schools <p>English phraseology is a required subject taught at the Pakistan graduate level. Even after surveying the English terminology for over 14 years, the plurality of learners arriving from non-elite organizations, need the basic grip in English language skills to maintain their elevated schooling and proficient fields. With this reasoning, the recent investigation concentrated on developing English composition and assignment techniques, and in Karachi private non-elite organizations confronted the difficulties while developing these techniques at the SSC (Secondary School Certificate) level. Qualitative as well as quantitative method has been used. The variety of the investigation included 20 SSC level students, 12 SSC level English language teachers of non-elite private schools, and 5 student notebooks. Characteristics were composed through open-ended votes, committees’ consultations, and tablet examination. Data were examined adopting subjective analysis. The conclusions disclosed that developing English language assignment strategies involve reading the passage aloud, paraphrasing the passage, furnishing the basic suggestion and significance of tough phrases to the students. The prominent difficulties struggled by the instructors in instructing reading skills are learners’ absence of attention in reading, absence of pursuit, and soft reading cognition skills. The investigation also indicated methods of teaching writing skills such as the requirement of standard texts and appropriate terminology sections. The main dilemmas while developing writing skills include a shortage of pre-writing recreations, beginners’ deficient grip over vocabulary, punctuation, grammar, and spelling, voluble syllabus, and restricted time.</p> Ayesha Shafique Azka Amjad Nimra Khurshid Hassan Bin Zubair Copyright (c) 2022 Hassan Bin Zubair, Ayesha Shafique, Azka Amjad, Nimra Khurshid 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 2 1 65 69 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.370 Perilaku Destruktif Dalam Politik Standar Ganda Amerika Serikat Terhadap Demokratisasi Mesir dan Suriah <p>Hypocrisy is a trait that is very hated in Islam and is a disgraceful trait for its adherents. Hypocrisy is a trait possessed by the enemies of Islam who want to destroy the glory of Islam from within, even trying to destroy Islamic countries, especially those in the Middle East, where Islam first appeared and spread widely among Arabs. This paper aims to find out the practice of hypocritical behavior that occurs at the country level by using a qualitative method that focuses on a literature approach, That is by collecting data obtained from various references in the form of articles, journals, books and research related to material objects and formal objects which are then analyzed using the conspiracy theory of Robert O Zelency (1987). The result of this research is the double standard political success played by the United States who wants to control the oil fields in Egypt and Syria under the guise of calling for democratization in the government system. America acts as a friend to Egypt in the process of transitioning from authoritarian power to democracy and has been very active in guarding the decline of Hosni Mubarak from his leadership, while in Syria, America has supported opposition groups to overthrow a legitimate government that is considered to be running the government in a dictatorial way. America also provided assistance to opposition groups in the form of weapons to expedite the process of overthrowing Bashar Al-Assad from power. America's double-standard politics towards Egypt and Syria is a project undertaken to realize a larger agenda in the geopolitical national political arena.</p> Yogi Fery Hidayat Copyright (c) 2022 Yogi Fery Hidayat 2022-06-09 2022-06-09 2 1 81 90 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.392 Program Shalat Subuh Berjamaah dan Kesadaran Beragama <p>This research is focused on the purpose of analyzing congregational prayer as a means of education to increase religious awareness in a person, in order to obtain an overview of the process, patterns and factors that influence it. This research was conducted using a qualitative approach. The method of determining the sample using purposive sampling technique, and key informants with snowball sampling technique, while the sample size is determined based on the completeness of the required information. Overall the number of participants involved as participant respondents was 15 people. Research data were collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. Fajr prayer in congregation at the mosque as a place of research, because the Fajr prayer in congregation has its own advantages and challenges compared to other fardhu prayers. The results showed that the process of developing one's religious awareness lasts a lifetime. The family is the first educational institution that teaches religious awareness to someone from the time they are in the womb. Educational institutions, and community education are also factors that influence the increase in religious awareness. The process of developing religious awareness in a person is not the same (diverse) and is not always stable. Congregational prayer is seen as a means to increase religious awareness. In general, an established religious awareness is obtained after the age of 40 years, and the background of religious awareness in childhood also determines religious awareness as an adult.</p> Siti Murti Heryanto Heryanto Copyright (c) 2022 Siti Murti, Heryanto Heryanto 2022-01-09 2022-01-09 2 1 1 12 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.178 Strategi Pengembangan Penangkaran Benih Melalui Kegiatan Desa Mandiri Benih <p>Rice is the primary staple food source for most of Indonesia's population. Rice is a strategic commodity that is quite significant for the State's social, economic, political, and even security aspects to meet food needs and sustainable self-sufficiency targets; substantial efforts are needed, namely by the quality of seeds strongly influences increasing productivity and increasing productivity and the quality of plant products. Breeding seeds through the Desa Mandiri Benih activity is one of the efforts to meet the needs of seeds and solve seed problems at the farmer level. The objectives of this study were: To analyze the influencing factors and formulate appropriate strategies for developing independent village seed breeder groups in Watang Pulu District, Sidenreng Rappang Regency. This research was conducted for 2 (two) months, from December 2020 to January 2021. The research sample was 8 people, including Bureaucracy, Extension and Farmer group members. The analysis used is the analysis of internal and external factors, SWOT strategy and QSPM analysis. The results showed that the internal and external factors that influenced the development of seed breeding were good production results, limited capital, increased awareness of farmers about the use of certified seeds and pests and diseases. The analysis results are three strategic priorities: Increasing seed production and establishing partnerships with seed companies, Optimizing group potential by improving captive facilities and infrastructure, and Improving coordination with relevant agencies and extension workers to facilitate the development of seed breeding. </p> Jamaluddin Lagga Abdul Azis Ambar Abdullah Abdullah Copyright (c) 2022 Jamaluddin Lagga, Abdul Azis Ambar, Abdullah Abdullah 2022-01-11 2022-01-11 2 1 13 31 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.94 Principal Collaborative Leadership and Level of Job Satisfaction Among Primary School Teachers <p>Headmaster collaborative leadership is important because this practice is able to contribute to the level of teachers’ job satisfaction which is still an issue in the world of education to this day. This study was conducted to identify the collaborative leadership practices of headmasters and its relationship with to the level of teachers’ job satisfaction in Kota Tinggi, Johor. This study is a survey using a quantitative approach. The respondents of the study consisted of 226 primary school teachers. Descriptive and inferential analysis using SPSS software was used to answer the research questions. The findings showed that the level of collaborative leadership of headmasters as a whole was at a very high level (mean = 4.45, s.p. = 0.71), while the level of job satisfaction of teachers was at a very high level (mean = 4.23, s.p. = 0.71). Analysis through a Pearson Correlation test also showed that there was a significant and strong positive relationship between the collaborative leadership of Headmaster and the level of teachers’ job satisfaction (r = 0.628, p &lt;0.01). The implication is that the Ministry of Education (MOE) needs to review the conditions for the appointment of headmasters by improving the policy of the National Professional Qualification for Educational Leaders (NPQEL) to ensure that every leader is skilled in practicing collaborative leadership. In conclusion, collaborative leadership practiced by headmasters is seen as an ideal leadership style and able to increase the level of job satisfaction of teachers.</p> Nuramalina Zainal Abidin Bity Salwana Alias Copyright (c) 2022 Nuramalina Zainal Abidin, Bity Salwana Alias 2022-01-21 2022-01-21 2 1 32 40 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.272 Efektivitas Pengembalian Dana Pinjaman Kelompok Simpan Pinjam Perempuan (SPP) PNPM Mandiri Perdesaan <p>Women's Savings and Loans (SPP) is a PNPM-MP program that provides capital to women's groups in the form of savings and loan funds for those who already have a business. In general, the activity aims to develop the potential of rural savings and loan activities, the ease of access to micro-scale business funding, the fulfillment of basic social funding needs, strengthen institutional activities for women, and encourage the prevention of poor households (RTM). The study aims to analyze the effectiveness of loan repayments and describe the obstacles for group members in repaying the loan funds. By the simple analysis, the data obtained from the questionnaire will be tabulated to determine the rate of return on revolving fund loans in the SPP program. The primary and secondary data obtained will be analyzed with a qualitative descriptive analysis by comparing conditions in the field with targets, indicators, and other measures set by PNPM Mandiri in Rural Areas. The study results showed that the effectiveness of loan repayments for the women-only savings and loans group decreased due to the increase in collectibility. On the other hand, the obstacles of repaying loan funds include the number of funds not adjusted to the scale of the business, not having a sense of responsibility in the use and repayment of loan funds, weak knowledge of entrepreneurship, and the inoperability of the joint responsibility system in groups.</p> Mahmud Mahmud Andi Nuddin Andi Sitti Halimah Copyright (c) 2022 Mahmud Mahmud, Andi Nuddin, Andi Sitti Halimah 2022-02-05 2022-02-05 2 1 41 55 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.107 Kewajiban Pencatatan Perkawinan Pasca Lahirnya Peraturan Presiden No. 96 Tahun 2018 <p>This study focuses on the implications of the existence of a marriage certificate requirement in the process of issuing a child's certificate as stated in Articles 10, 11, 12, 13, 33 and 79 of Presidential Decree No. 96 of 2018 concerning the requirements and procedures for population registration and civil registration. It is just a lack of understanding of regulations, the assumption that recording is only an administrative matter, costs and time are still polemics that are the cause of not registering marriages. Therefore, normative research with a statute approach is carried out by researchers. The primary data in this research is Law no. 23 of 2006 and Presidential Decree No. 96 of 2018. The results show that based on Law no. 23 of 2006 concerning Marriage Registration, the costs and procedures for registering marriages are getting cheaper and more accessible. In addition, the existence of Presidential Regulation No. 96 of 2018 strengthens the obligation to register marriages as mandated by Law no. 23 of 2006 and Law no. 1 of 1974.</p> Ade Manansyah Misbahul Huda Copyright (c) 2022 Ade Manansyah 2022-02-13 2022-02-13 2 1 56 64 10.53754/iscs.v2i1.349 Penerapan Data Mining pada Suku Bunga Investasi Deposito di Indonesia Menggunakan Metode K-Means Clustering untuk Pengelompokan Profitabilitas <p>Investment in Indonesia has several types, one of which is deposits through banks, namely individual or collective customers lending excess funds to banks and channeling them in the form of credit. This research is about clustering on several Banks, those are Regional, Private, Foreign, Persero and General Banks which have different interest rates for investments. The method used in this study is the Knowledge Discovery using Database (KDD) method, using RapidMiner tools. The algorithm used to perform clustering is the K-Means algorithm. The data that was used is data on investment credit interest rates from several banks in Indonesia obtained from BPS (Central Statistics Agency) Indonesia. This data is taken from 2009-2020. The clustering results obtained are 3 clusters, where cluster 1 is Regional Bank, which turns out to have stable and high loan interest rates, then cluster 2 is Foreign Bank, which also has the lowest and unstable interest rate. While cluster 3 is a private bank and a state-owned company, these two banks have similar interest rates and levels of stability. In addition, these two banks are in the middle for investment options.</p> Raden Sasongko Arief Wibowo Copyright (c) 2022 Raden Sasongko, Arief Wibowo 2022-04-01 2022-04-01 2 1 70 80