Malpractice and Ethics Statement

Civil Officium: Journal of Empirical Studies on Social Science (P-ISSN:2828-6081) and (E-ISSN:2809-5782) is published by the  Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro'. The primary aim of Civil Officium is to improve problem-solving in Social Science. Stakeholders in society, education, government, politic, culture research grapple with various standards. Without evidence-based problem solving, many conflicts are unsatisfactorily settled by applying the one-size-fits-all interpretation of principles or regulations or resorting to anecdote as evidence for one or another interpretation. Civil Officium creates collaboration among stakeholders, stimulates research, and disseminates knowledge to foster the intelligent application of social science principles in research contexts worldwide. As a result of this statement, the ethical behavior of all parties engaged in the act of publishing an article in this journal has been clarified. 

This statement applies to the author(s), the chief editor(s), and the Editorial Board as well as the peer-reviewer(s) and Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' Publisher. This statement is based on the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

Civil Officium: Journal of Empirical Studies on Social Science publishing is essential in developing a cohesive and accepted network of knowledge. It reflects the writers' work quality and the institutions that support them. They promote and exemplify the scientific approach. It is critical to establish ethical expectations for all parties engaged in publishing: author, journal editor, peer reviewer, publisher, and society. Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' Publisher, as the publisher of Civil Officium: Journal of Empirical Studies on Social Science, recognizes its ethical and other obligations. We are dedicated to ensuring that commercial money has no effect on editorial choices. The Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' Publisher and Editorial Board will also aid in interactions with other journals and publishers.

Publication decisions

The editor of the Civil Officium: Journal of Empirical Studies on Social Science is determining which papers should be published. Such judgments must always be driven by the validity of the work in the issue and its value to academics and readers. The editors may be led by the editorial board's rules and bound by any legal requirements that are in effect at the time involving libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editors may consult with other editors or reviewers in reaching this judgment.

Fair Play

Manuscripts are reviewed solely on their intellectual substance, regardless of the authors' colour, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic background, citizenship, or political ideology.


The Editor-in-Chief and any editorial staff must not reveal any information about a submitted article to anybody other than the corresponding author, reviewers, prospective reviewers, other editorial advisors, and, if necessary, the publisher.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest 

For an editor to do his or her research, he or she must get the author's explicit written authorization before using any previously unpublished information provided in submitted work.

Duties of peer reviewers 

Contribution to editorial decisions 

Through editorial discussion with authors, peer review aids the Editor-in-Chief in making editing choices and, in some instances, may also assist the author in enhancing his or her work.


Any invited referee who believes they are unqualified to examine the research provided in a submission or who believes that timely evaluation of the document will be complex should immediately tell the Editor-in-Chief so that other reviewers may be arranged to complete the paper.


Manuscripts for evaluation must be handled as confidential papers. They may not be displayed or discussed with anyone else unless allowed by the Editor-in-Chief.

Standards of objectivity 

Reviews should be carried out objectively. Personal attacks on the author are not tolerated. Referees should convey their opinions clearly and provide sufficient supporting evidence.

Acknowledgment of sources

Reviewers should find relevant published material that the authors have not referenced. A reference should back any claim that previously published observation, derivation, or argument. A reviewer should also draw the Editor's attention to any significant resemblance or overlap between the article under consideration and any other published data about which they are personally aware.

Disclosure and conflict of interest 

Confidential information or ideas received via peer review must be kept private and not exploited for personal gain. Reviewers should avoid examining papers in which they have competing, collaborating, or other ties or affiliations with authors, corporations, or institutions associated with the submission.

Duties of authors

Reporting standards 

Authors presenting original research findings should include an accurate overview of the work done and an impartial evaluation of its importance. The underlying data should be appropriately reflected in the paper. A paper should provide enough information and references to allow others to reproduce the work. Fraudulent or willfully incorrect remarks are unethical and must be avoided.

Originality and Plagiarism 

The writers must guarantee that their writings are unique. If writers utilize the work and words of others, they must adequately reference or quote them.

  • To check the possibility of plagiarism, it uses the application Turnitin
  • The article must be below 25% of plagiarism.

Plagiarism includes:

  • The word for word Plagiarism. The author uses the names of other authors (precisely) without mentioning the source.
  • Plagiarism over the source. The author uses the idea of others without giving enough recognition (without mentioning the source expressly).
  • Plagiarism of Authorship. The author is acknowledged as the author of the paperwork of others.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publications.

A paper detailing the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication by the same author. The simultaneous submission of the same article to more than one publication is unethical and inappropriate publishing activity.

Acknowledgement of sources 

It is always necessary to properly acknowledge the labour of others. Authors should additionally reference publications that have influenced the character of the presented study.

Authorship of a manuscript 

Authorship should be restricted to individuals who significantly contributed to the study's idea, design, implementation, or interpretation. Co-authors should include everyone who made a substantial contribution. Others who have contributed to particular substantive areas of the study effort should be acknowledged in an Acknowledgement section. The corresponding author should ensure that the manuscript's author list includes all acceptable co-authors (as defined above) and no inappropriate co-authors and that all co-authors have viewed and approved the final version of the work and agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and human or animal subjects 

If the experiment includes substances, techniques, or equipment with unique dangers, the authors must adequately disclose them in the report. If the study includes animal or human subjects, the author should include a statement in the paper stating that all procedures were carried out following applicable laws and institutional norms and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) authorized them. Authors should add a statement in their publication stating that informed permission was acquired for human subject experimentation. Human beings' private rights must always be respected.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest 

Any financial or another substantial conflict of interest that may be considered to affect the findings or their interpretation in the paper should be disclosed by all authors in their submission. All sources of funding for the project should be mentioned.

Fundamental errors in published works 

When an author finds a grave mistake or inaccuracy in his or her published work, it is the author's responsibility to contact the journal's Editor-in-Chief or publisher as soon as possible and collaborate with them to either withdraw the manuscript or issue an appropriate erratum.

Publisher’s confirmation 

In situations of suspected or proved scientific misconduct, fraudulent publishing, or plagiarism, the Ascarya Solution Allianz will take all required steps to explain the issue and revise the article in question in close consultation with the Editors-in-Chief. This situation involves publishing an erratum as soon as possible or retracting the damaged work entirely in the most challenging situations.

In its publishing programs, Perkumpulan Alumni dan Santri Mahyajatul Qurro' and the Civil Officium: Journal of Empirical Studies on Social Science do not discriminate on the basis of age, colour, religion, creed, handicap, marital status, veteran status, national origin, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or sexual orientation.