The peer-review process for journal publications is essentially a quality control mechanism. It is a process by which experts evaluate scientific work, and the aim is to ensure the high quality of published science. However, the peer reviewer does not make the decision to accept or reject the paper. At most, they recommend decisions. In peer-reviewed journals, decision-making authority rests solely with the journal editor or the journal's editorial board. Indeed, it is the journal editor who is considered central in the decision-making process.
NORMAL PUBLICATION AND REVIEW TIMELINE